The Meaning of Stoicism by Ludwig Edelstein Free PDF book

The Meaning of Stoicism by Ludwig Edelstein Free PDF book

The Meaning of Stoicism  by Ludwig Edelstein Free PDF book

The Meaning of Stoicism  by Ludwig Edelstein Free PDF book

Content of the book
An excerpt:

The Stoic sage, then, is not like the Hindu sage. lt is not true that he does good without sympathy for others. The traces of passions, the scars as Zeno says,  remain within his soul. Chrysippus adroits the same. Seneca puts it. well: "this is not strong if one bears what one does not feel."  To be sure, the sage overcomes his feelings; he controls them, ·but he feels nevertheless. only t4e Megar:­ in sage w.ishes to be completely unfeeling. FoI none of the various Stoicisms does apatheia mean freedom from compassion, a virtue "fixed as in a frost." lt means rather that the sage does not allow Heating reactions to growing into passions or fixed habits, just as he is unwilling to be satisfied with merely toning them down. Moreover, the Stoic freedom from passions only is the first step; it is something negative, and the Stoic sage aims at something more, the replacement of passions by different, sound emotions. Commiseration, for example, is a passion and harms the sympathizer as well as the sufferer; but sympathy is good, and so is benevolence. As Seneca says,8 all that the passionate man does we do too but in a different way. Affections must be true actions. In the technical language of the Stoa, it is not apatheia but empathetic that is sought. instead of pleasure, fear, and desire the sage endeavors to feel joy, caution, and well-wishing. These are the main feelings that he puts in the place of passion, and other dispositions of the right kind correspond to other minor passions. It is not easy to translate the term apatheia. "Right passions," it has been translated, and "innocent passion," "emotional states that are good.'' Perhaps one might better say "feelings molded by the right spirit.'' As Zeno puts it, _'!_upatheia is the easy flow of life; it is a constancy of feeling, Seneca maintains, characterized by equanimity. These words may be deceiving, however; and all the distinctions 1 have quoted may simply bide the fact that for the sage nothing matters except bis own tranquillity, his freedom of mind, his own internal calm.


Ancient Greek,15,Bertrand Russell,1,Biography,1,Boethius,1,Capitalism,1,Cato,1,Cicero,3,Comics,1,Confucius,1,Culture,1,Cynicism,1,De Sade,1,Desim,1,Eastern Philosophy,16,Epictetus,1,Epicurus,6,essays,5,Featured,4,Financial Freedom,1,Free-Will,3,freemasonry,1,Friedrich Nietzsche,2,General,18,Hand Reading,1,Hinduism,3,Hypnotism,1,Indian philosophy,4,Japanese,1,John Locke,1,Kama Sutra,1,Kant,2,Leo Tolstoy,1,Logic,5,Lucretius,1,Magic,1,Marcus Aurelius,3,Marx,2,Masonic,1,medieval philosophy,1,Modern Philosophy,18,New thought Movement,1,Niccolo Machiavelli,2,Nietzsche,3,occultism,1,PDF,102,Philosophy Audiobook,20,Plato,4,Podcast,2,Poetry,1,Political,14,Psychology,1,Quotes,1,Roman Philosophy,5,Schopenhauer,1,Secret societies,1,Self-Help,12,Seneca,4,Sexuality,1,Shankara,1,Socialism,1,Socrates,2,Spinoza,1,Stoicism,37,Tao,1,The prince,1,Thomas Paine,1,Yoga,2,Yogi,1,س,1,
philosophy books club: The Meaning of Stoicism by Ludwig Edelstein Free PDF book
The Meaning of Stoicism by Ludwig Edelstein Free PDF book
The Meaning of Stoicism by Ludwig Edelstein Free PDF book
philosophy books club
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