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Download Modern philosophy free PDF book 1921

Download Modern philosophy free PDF book 1921

Download Modern philosophy free PDF book 1921

Download Modern philosophy free PDF book 1921

Modern philosophy
by De Ruggiero, Guido

An excerpt from Introduction: The metaphysic which towards the beginning of the nineteenth century grew out of the Kantian idealism was a radical criticism of the philosophy which underlay the Enlightenment and the Revolution. Oblivious of its own true character, the thought had, as it were, materialized itself into a barren universalism, a tissue of abstract humanitarian ideals: it now sprang into new .life with the rediscovery of its own historical nature and of the concrete and individual character of its development. Among the greatest achievements of this metaphysic was the recognition of the national character of thought. This was no mere acquiescence in a narrowly parochial outlook; it was something much deeper, namely the realization that humanity in general only exists in individuals, and that only in the acquisition of concrete individual form can the mind achieve its true universality. This constituted a great step in advance: indeed, it was premature, appearing as it did only a few years after the declaration of the Rights of Man. Even its authors were blind to its full significance, and very soon obscured it altogether Hegel with a misdirected spirit of patriotism which made Germany the center of the world: the historical school of jurisprudence by relapsing into a kind of Platonism and losing itself in a world of vague and sentimental ideals.




Content of the book

Page translators preface 5 introductions 13 part I german philosophy chapter I antimetaphysic and naturalism 23 I. The decay of idealism 23 2. The tubingen school 26 3. Historical materialism 28 4. The psychology of peoples 31 5. Naturalism 33 6. Lotze 37 7. The new tendencies 41 chapter ii empiricism 45 I. The philosophy of the given 45 2. The theory of objects 50 3. Critical empiricism - 51 4. The philosophy of illusion go chapter iii neo-kantianism 62 I. Lange 62 2. Liebmann and riehl 66 3. Mathematical and platonic tendencies in kantianism . . 69 4. The philosophy of value 73 5 . History 80 y 10 modern philosophy page 6. Neo- kantian vitalism 85 7. The new historical materialism 88 8. Neo-kantian theology 90 chapter iv psychology and philosophy 94 I. Psychologism 94 2. The psychology of value 100 chapter v the metaphysic of empiricism and its self- annihilation 103 I. The metaphysic of empiricism . . . .... 103 2. The remnants of naturalism . .. . . ..No 3. Nietzsche 112 4. The metaphysic of the transcendent 113 5. Summary 120 part ii french philosophy chapter I from eclecticism to the philosophy of liberty . 125 I. The collapse of eclecticism 125 2. Positivism 127 3. The new spiritualism 131 4. The new tendencies 136 chapter ii phenomenalism 139 I. Renouvier 139 2. Gourd and boirac 142 chapter iii from kant to absolute positivism 148 I. Lachelier 148 2. The kantians 151 3. Weber and absolute positivism 155 contents 11 chapter iv page science and metaphysics 158 I. The philosophy of contingency 158 2. The criticism of science 165 4" 3. The philosophy of intuition: bergson 171 _^ 4. The bergsonian school 181 chapter v positivism and platonism 185 I. The social sciences 185 2. History 188 3. Positivism and platonism 190 4. The ethics of platonism 194 chapter vi the philosophy of action and modernism . . 198 I. The philosophy of belief 198 2. The philosophy of action : blondel 204 3. Modernism 211 4. Sorel s syndicalism 219 5. Summary 222 part iii anglo-american philosophy chapter I empiricism and naturalism 227 I. Hamilton and mausel 227 2. John stuart mill 232 3. The logic of empiricism 236 4. The ethics of empiricism 242 5. The metaphysic of empiricism : spencer .... 246 6. The theory of science 250 -^- 7. Pragmatism 252 8. Logistic 257 9. Hodgson s critical empiricism 259 12 modern philosophy chapter ii page idealism 261 I. The neo-hegelian movement 261 2. The hegelian right : green 269 3. Bradley 272 4. The history of religions 275 5. The hegelian left 282 6. American hegelianism : royce 286 7. Summary 290 part iv italian philosophy chapter I from machiavelli to gioberti 295 I. The neglect of italian philosophy 295 2. The renaissance and machiavelli 298 3. Bruno and campanella 300 4. Vico 304 5. Rosmini and gioberti 35 chapter ii the close of the nineteenth century . . .310 I. Scepticism 310 2. Positivism 313 3. From dualism to monism 319 4. The neo-kantians 325 chapter iii absolute idealism 331 I. Vera and spaventa 331 2. F. De sanctis : the history of literature . . . .340 3. Marxianism 344 _j. 4. B. Croce : the philosophy of the spirit 346 5. G. Gentile : absolute idealism 357 6. Summary 361 conclusion 365 bibliography . 383 index 395


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Ancient Greek,15,Bertrand Russell,1,Biography,1,Boethius,1,Capitalism,1,Cato,1,Cicero,3,Comics,1,Confucius,1,Culture,1,Cynicism,1,De Sade,1,Desim,1,Eastern Philosophy,16,Epictetus,1,Epicurus,6,essays,5,Featured,4,Financial Freedom,1,Free-Will,3,freemasonry,1,Friedrich Nietzsche,2,General,18,Hand Reading,1,Hinduism,3,Hypnotism,1,Indian philosophy,4,Japanese,1,John Locke,1,Kama Sutra,1,Kant,2,Leo Tolstoy,1,Logic,5,Lucretius,1,Magic,1,Marcus Aurelius,3,Marx,2,Masonic,1,medieval philosophy,1,Modern Philosophy,18,New thought Movement,1,Niccolo Machiavelli,2,Nietzsche,3,occultism,1,PDF,102,Philosophy Audiobook,20,Plato,4,Podcast,2,Poetry,1,Political,14,Psychology,1,Quotes,1,Roman Philosophy,5,Schopenhauer,1,Secret societies,1,Self-Help,12,Seneca,4,Sexuality,1,Shankara,1,Socialism,1,Socrates,2,Spinoza,1,Stoicism,37,Tao,1,The prince,1,Thomas Paine,1,Yoga,2,Yogi,1,س,1,
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philosophybooks.club: Download Modern philosophy free PDF book 1921
Download Modern philosophy free PDF book 1921
Download Modern philosophy free PDF book 1921
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