Noble thoughts of Epictetus 1909 by Dana Estes, Free PDF book

Noble thoughts of Epictetus 1909 by Dana Estes, Free PDF book

Noble thoughts of Epictetus 1909 by Dana  Estes, Free PDF book

Noble thoughts of Epictetus

The word " Epictetus " means " acquired," but no other name has been handed down for him* He was, according to the received account, born at Hierapolis, a town in the southwest quarter of Phrygia* His life extends between a date slightly anterior and a date slightly posterior to the second half of the first century A* D* While young, he was one of the slaves of Epaphroditus, a freedman and courtier of the emperor Nero; and while in that position, he managed to attend the lectures of Musonius Rufus, an important and esteemed teacher of the Stoical system during the reigns of Nero and Vespasian* Epictetus was lame whether from birth or in consequence of an accident or of his owner's cruelty is unknown; he was also of weakly health* That he was a free man in the latter part of his life is evident, but the means by which his liberty was obtained are unrecorded* In the days of Domitian he was one of the recognized votaries and perhaps professors of philosophy; and in the year Ninety A* D*, when that emperor, irritated by the support and encouragement which the opposition to his tyranny found amongst the adherents of Stoicism, issued an edict to all philosophers to quit Rome, Epictetus was amongst those who withdrew into the provinces* For the rest of his life he settled at Nicopolis, a town of southern Epirus, not far from the scene of the battle of Actium* There for several years he lived, and taught by close, earnest personal address and conversation* According to some authorities he lived into the time of Hadrian; he himself mentions the coinage of the emperor Trojan. His contemporaries and the next generation held his character and teaching in high honor* According to Lucian, the earthenware lamp which had belonged to the sage was bought by an enthusiastic relic-hunter for three thousand drachmas* He was never married* He wrote nothing; but much of his teaching was taken down with affectionate care by his pupil Flavius Arrianus, the historian of Alexander the Great, and is preserved in two treatises, of the larger of which, called the " Discourses of Epictetus," four books are still extant. The other treatise is shorter and has been a more popular work, the "Manual" or " Encheiridion*" It contains in an aphoristic form the main doctrines of the longer work* There exists a tolerably extensive commentary on the " Manual " by Simplicius*


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philosophy books club: Noble thoughts of Epictetus 1909 by Dana Estes, Free PDF book
Noble thoughts of Epictetus 1909 by Dana Estes, Free PDF book
Noble thoughts of Epictetus 1909 by Dana Estes, Free PDF book
philosophy books club
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